عنوان مقاله [English]
Reliabilism is one of the epistemological approaches, which is applied for analyzing both concept of knowledge and justification. One of the most famous justification theories in reliabilism approach is Alvin Goldman's. According to Goldman's theory, justified belief is a result of reliable epistemic process. But, we can consider a state in which, though a belief is a result of a reliable process, but the person has some evidences that above mentioned process, is un-reliable. Goldman's final analysis about justified belief consists of additional condition to adjust this problem. Reliabilism theory in justifying epistemic results as outputs and reduction of normative concept such as justifying these processes has a naturalistic aspect. This theory because of resorting to the concept of truth in definition of reliable process and considering justified belief as a well-formed belief is an externalist theory. Goldman's theory of justification has two problems known as generality problem and range problem. Foley and Feldman's criticisms about these problems cause to challenge Goldman's theory of justification and presenting other explanations of this theory.
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