عنوان مقاله [English]
Young Hegel, who is the heir of Enlightenment and Kantian religion, presents a new sight of religion which is multi-sided criticism of Kantian religion. Hegel believes that Kantian religion is not issued from human totality.
Hegel names his religion as Subjective which issues from the depth of spirit, and its opposite is Objective Religion which is product of intellectual concepts. Hegelian subjective religion is not concerned with individual immortality of spirit, and spiritual perfection is attained in this world, in resemblance and unity with God.
In expression of religion truths, Hegel believes that we are confronted with language poverty because: the first, God is not like other existences and the second, spirit is realized only by spirit, and who is to realize God with intellect only, would be unable to realize and thus express Him.
For realizing God, the one's spirit should be advanced and go from its limited being to being without limitation.
In sociopolitical mode, religion function is influenced from the religion of maximal crowd; if they were believers they would live in love and unity with each other; but if not, the believers would be severed from live relations with community. Jesus himself selected severance also for this reason and had relation with few persons in order to nurture their good spirit.
Finally, in order to ripen the unity of believers community - which are united by love - and unified with objectivity, it requires to an element which unifies subject (love) and object (person); this element is imagination. Imagination which is both related with spirit and feels the person, who is actually divine, can realize the relation between love and object, and complete the unity.